Scripture Robb Moser

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Published: December 13th 2013

Kindle Edition

19 pages


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Scripture  by  Robb Moser

Scripture by Robb Moser
December 13th 2013 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 19 pages | ISBN: | 8.27 Mb

Scripture: occurs with some frequency in the New Testament sometimes in the singular and sometimes in the plural, sometimes without but usually with the article. B.B. Warfield has pointed out that even where the article is absent some other featureMoreScripture: occurs with some frequency in the New Testament sometimes in the singular and sometimes in the plural, sometimes without but usually with the article. B.B. Warfield has pointed out that even where the article is absent some other feature indicates definiteness- the use of an adjective (John 19:37- Romans 16:26).Although its extra-Biblical use is wider, it is always employed in the New Testament with reference to sacred Scripture.

The plural denotes the sacred Scriptures as a whole (Matthew 21:42- John 5:39- 1 Corinthians 15:3-4) and so is collective rather than distributive in force. There is no passage where it clearly means “the books” considered as separate entities but it is used in a way which approaches this in 2 Peter 1:16 (although Warfield maintained that the phrase here means “the other passages”).The use of the singular has led to a certain amount of debate. Some hold that it always refers to one particular Old Testament passage while others hold that it sometimes has the same significance as the plural.

A stronger case can be made out for the latter.G. Shrenk points to Galatians 3:8, 22 “where the personification of Scripture makes it quite inconceivable that Paul should simply have in view an individual text.” An expression like “this scripture” is clear evidence that a single passage is in view (Mark 12:10- Luke 4:21- Acts 8:35- John 19:37).It is also likely though not certain, Scripture denotes an individual saying whenever followed by a quotation (John 7:38- 13:18- 19:24, 36).Even in such cases there may well be a reference to Scripture as a whole. The use of the singular for the whole Old Testament is certainly not frequent outside the New Testament but it is difficult to eliminate it from the New Testament itself.The term “Holy Scriptures” occurs once (Romans 1:2) but the authoritative use of the Old Testament as divinely inspired literature makes the term an altogether appropriate description.“Writing” occurs very rarely in the New Testament with reference to the Scriptures.

The expression “The holy Scriptures” (2 Timothy 3:15) is the only clear case although John 5:47 approaches this technical sense. When Paul uses γράμμα he often does so in a somewhat depreciatory sense (Romans 2:29- 7:6- 2 Corinthians 3:6- 3:14-16).As appears from Paul’s general use of the Old Testament, his intention is not to belittle the law as Scripture, but only as conceived as making salvation possible by the works of the flesh. Hence he can oppose it to the Spirit, although he sees the Spirit as the Author of Scripture (Acts 28:25).Τὸ̀ γεγραμμένον, “the thing written” is of frequent occurrence in the LXX in its plural form (2 Chronicles 35:26- Daniel 9:11).

It occurs also in the New Testament both in the singular (Luke 20:17- 2 Corinthians 4:13- 1 Corinthians 15:54) and in the plural (Luke 18:31- Galatians 3:10- John 12:16) and it refers to a passage or a group of passages in terms of their content.It is interesting to note that it occurs also in Revelation 1:3- 22:18 in reference to a New Testament book- and this suggests an extension of the concept of Scripture beyond the Old Testament into the New Testament. The impressive nature of the context confirms this.Τὸ̀ βιβλίον, “the book” a term used in the LXX of particular books of sacred Scripture (Deuteronomy 17:18- Jeremiah 25:13- Nehemiah 1:1).

In Daniel 9:2 its use in the plural could be a reference to the collection of prophetic literature.



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